Reading lists:


• Nachtnebel, H.P. (2013). HOW CAN WE QUANTIFY THE BENEFITS FROM FLOOD WARNING SYSTEMS. 13th International Symposium on Water Management and Hydraulic Engineering, September 9 - 12, 2013 Bratislava, Slovakia

• Nachtnebel, H.P. (2014). Climate Change. ICFM6 - 6th International Conference on Flood Management, September 16-18, 2014, Sào Paulo, Brazil

• Nachtnebel, H.P. and Neuhold C. (2015). Anticipating emerging flood risks. TIFAC-IDRiM Conference, 28th –30th October 2015
New Delhi, India

• Löschner, L., Herrnegger, M., Apperl, B. et al. (2017). Flood risk, climate change and settlement development: a micro-scale assessment of Austrian municipalities. Reg Environ Change, 17: 311-322


• Kundzewicz et al (2010). Assessing river flood risk and adaptationin Europe-review of projections for the future. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change, 15(7), 641-656.

• EU (European Union). (2007). Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks. Official Journal of the European Union, 288, 27-34.

• Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz (2002). Non-structural Flood Protection and Sustainability, Water International, 27:1, 3-13.​

• articles in ZIP file (for registered users only)

Nature-Based Solutions (NBS)

• T.C. Wild, J.Henneberry and  L.Gill (2017). Comprehending the multiple ‘values’ of green infrastructure – Valuing nature-based solutions for urban water management from multiple perspectives. Environmental Research 158, October 2017, Pages 373-384

• Yangang Xing, Phil Jones and Iain Donnison (2017). Characterisation of Nature-Based Solutions for the Built Environment. Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 149;

• United Nations World Water Assessment Programme. (2018). The United Nations world water development report 2018: Nature-based solutions for water.

• Kabisch, N., N. Frantzeskaki, S. Pauleit, S. Naumann, M. Davis, M. Artmann, D. Haase, S. Knapp, H. Korn, J. Stadler, K. Zaunberger, and A. Bonn. (2016). Nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation in urban areas: perspectives on indicators, knowledge gaps, barriers, and opportunities for action. Ecology and Society 21(2):39.

• van den Bosch, M., and Sang, Å. O. (2017). Urban natural environments as nature-based solutions for improved public health–A systematic review of reviews. Environmental research, 158, 373-384.

• Kabisch, N., Korn, H., Stadler, J., and Bonn, A. (2017). Nature‐based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas. Theory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions.

• articles in ZIP file (for registered users only)


Small island. Marginalization 

• Parts, P. K., and Sepp, K. (2007). Assessing the impact of tourism: intellectual and economic struggles and landscape changes on Kihnu island. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 102.

• Plaan, J. (2018). Altered ontologies of the seascape: local knowledge, environmental change and conservation in Kihnu, Estonia. Journal of Political Ecology, 25(1), 569-586.

• Parts, Priit-Kalev (2015). Sustainable community management in Estonia: reflections on heritage projects on Kihnu Island, in Viljandi County, and in various protected areas (Doktoritöö / Doctoral thesis, Estonian University of Life Sciences). Tartu: Eesti Maaülikool

• Suvanto, H., Sudakova, L., Kattai, K., Grīnberga-Zālīte, G. and Bulderberga, Z. (2017). Japanese tourists in Finland, Estonia and Latvia–a literature review.

• Roose, A., Raagmaa, G. and Kliimask, J. (2019). The Remote Rural Pathways in Estonia—Neo-Productivism or Conservation Designated. In Three Decades of Transformation in the East-Central European Countryside (pp. 73-98). Springer, Cham.

• articles in ZIP file (for registered users only)


Wetland restoration 

• Kohv M. and Salm J.O. (2014). Bog Restoration Efforts in Estonia. The International Workshop "Best Experiences in Conservation and Restoration of Habitats in Raised Bogs and Mires", 11-13 june 2014, Šilute, Lithuania.

• Paal, J., Vellak, K., Liira, J. and Karofeld, E. (2010). Bog recovery in northeastern Estonia after the reduction of atmospheric pollutant input. Restoration Ecology, 18, 387-400.

• Karofeld, E., Müür, M., & Vellak, K. (2016). Factors affecting re-vegetation dynamics of experimentally restored extracted peatland in Estonia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23(14), 13706-13717

• Triisberg, T., Karofeld, E. and Paal, J. (2011). Re-vegetation of block-cut and milled peatlands: an Estonian example. Mires & Peat, 8.

• Kohv Kaupo (2013). Kuresoo bog restoration project in Soomaa NP. Presentation.

• Triisberg, T., Karofeld, E., Liira, J., Orru, M., Ramst, R. and Paal, J. (2014). Microtopography and the properties of residual peat are convenient indicators for restoration planning of abandoned extracted peatlands. Restoration ecology, 22(1), 31-39

• Vasander, H., Tuittila, E. S., Lode, E., Lundin, L., Ilomets, M., Sallantaus, T., ... and Laine, J. (2003). Status and restoration of peatlands in northern Europe. Wetlands ecology and management, 11(1-2), 51-63

• articles in ZIP file (for registered users only)


Coastal zone management and planning

• Palginõmm, V., Ratas, U. and Kont, A. (2007). Increasing human impact on coastal areas of Estonia in recent decades. Journal of Coastal Research, 114-119

• Pranzini, E., Wetzel, L., & Williams, A. T. (2015). Aspects of coastal erosion and protection in Europe. Journal of coastal conservation, 19(4), 445-459

• all in ZIP file (for registered users only)


Selected ICZM literature
(Sources colored in red are first line recommendations)

SES approach for ICZM in the Baltic Sea region: EU BONUS BALTCOAST project publications(2016-2019)

  1. Støttrup, J.G., Dinesen, G.E., Schumacher, J., Gillgren, C., Inácio, M., Schernewski, G. (2019). The systems approach framework for collaborative, science-based management of complex systems. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 1-18.
  2. Karnauskaitė, D., Schernewski, G., Støttrup, J. G., & Kataržytė, M. (2019). Indicator-Based Sustainability Assessment Tool to Support Coastal and Marine Management. Sustainability, 11(11), 3175.
  3. Karnauskaitė, D., Schernewski, G., Schumacher, J., Grunert, R., Povilanskas R. (2018): Assessing coastal management case studies around Europe using an indicator based tool. J. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 1-22.
  4. Gillgren C., Støttrup, J. G., Schumacher, J. Dinesen, G. E. (2018) Working together: collaborative decision making for sustainable Integrated Coastal Management (ICM). Journal of Coastal Conservation, 1-10.
  5. Schumacher J., Schernewski G., Bielecka M., Loizides M.I., Loizidou X.I. (2018) Methodologies to support coastal management - A stakeholder preference and planning tool and its application. Mar. Policy 94: 150-157.
  6. Inácio, M., Schernewski, G., Nazemtseva, Y., Baltranaitė, E., Friedland, R., & Benz, J. (2018). Ecosystem services provision today and in the past: a comparative study in two Baltic lagoons. Ecological Research, 1-20.
  7. Schernewski G., Inácio M., Nazemtseva Y. (2018): Expert based ecosystem services assessment in coastal and marine planning and management: A Baltic lagoon case stuy. Frontiers in Environmental Science, doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2018.00019
  8. Schumacher J, Schernewski G, Karnauskaitė D, Kataržytė M, Pakleppa S, Pape K, Schönwald S, Völzke M (2018). Measuring and comparing the sustainability of coastal tourism destinations in Germany, Lithuania, and Indonesia. Environment, Development and Sustainability : 1-25
  9. Allin, A., Schernewski, G., Friedland, R., Neumann, T., Radtke, H. (2017) Climate change effects on denitrification and associated avoidance costs in three Baltic river basin - coastal sea systems. J. coast. conserv., 1-9.
  10. Cepuritis, E., Ulme, J., Graudiņa-Bombiza, S. (2017). Development of Beach litter monitoring on the Latvian coastline: the citizen science perspective. Regional Formation and Development Studies, 21(1), 19-33.
  11. Lagzdina, E., Kudreņickis, I., Ernšteins, R., & Kauliņš, J. (2017). Coastal sustainable development studies in Latvia: Integrated local social-ecological systems governance. Regional Formation and Development Studies, 21(1), 83-96.
  12. Schernewski, G., Baltranaitė, E., Kataržytė, M., Balčiūnas, A., Čerkasova, N., Mėžinė, J. (2017): Establishing new bathing sites at the Curonian Lagoon coast: an ecological-social-economic assessment. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 1-13.
  13. Schernewski, G., Schumacher, J., Weisner, E., Donges, L. (2017). A combined coastal protection, realignment and wetland restoration scheme in the southern Baltic: planning process, public information and participation. J. coast. conserv., 22, 533-547.
  14. Kudrenickis, I., Ernšteins, R. & Kauliņš, J. (2016). Sustainable Coastal Science-Policy-Practice Interface Development: Municipal Coastal Governance Indicator System. Environmental Science, (1), 255-264.
  15. Lapinskis J., 2017. Coastal sediment balance in the eastern part of the Gulf of Riga (2005-2016). Baltica  30 2), 87-95.
  16. Vilumaa, K., Tõnisson, H., Sugita, S., Buynevich, V., Kont, A., Muru, M., Preusser, F., Bjursäter, S., Vaasma, T., Vandel, E., Molodkov, A., Järvelill, I.V. (2016). Past storminess recorded in the internal architecture of coastal formations of Estonia in the NE Baltic Sea region. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, 18, 9925.

Other literature

  1. Schernewski G., Schönwald S., Kataržyte M. (2016). Application and evaluation of an indicator set to measure and promote sustaimable development in cosatal areas. Land Use Policy, 59, 298-309.
  2. Ruiqian L., Van den Brink M., Woltjer J. (2016). Rules for the governance of coastal and marine ecosystem services: An evaluative framework based on the IAD framework. Land Use Policy 59, 298–309.
  3. Cohn, JP. (2008). Citizen Science: Can volunteers do real research? BioScience, Volume 58, Issue 3, pp. 192–197
  4. Mee, L., and Adeel, Z. (2012) Science-Policy Bridges Over Troubled Waters - Making Science Deliver Greater Impacts in Shared Water Systems. United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH), Hamilton, Canada.
  5. MCCIP (2017). Marine Climate Change Impacts: 10 years’ experience of science to policy reporting. (Eds. Frost M, Baxter J, Buckley P, Dye S and Stoker B) Summary Report, MCCIP, Lowestoft, 12 pp. doi:10.14465/2017.arc10.000-arc
  6. CEP (2018). Delivery of public dialogue process to aid the development of the Clyde Regional Marine Plan (CRMP). Technical Report (authors Phillips P, Kenter J, Orr P et al). . Collingwood Environmental Planning Ltd, 54 pp.

ICZM policies

  1. OECD (1992) Recommendation of the Council on Integrated Coastal Zone Management. OECD/LEGAL/0268.
  2. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on Integrated Coastal Zone Management: a Strategy for Europe (COM/2000/547), adopted 27 September, 2000
  3. EU context ICZM :
  4.  LÄÄNE-VIRU INTEGRATED COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PLAN (2018). Interreg project: SustainBaltic ICZM Plans for Sustaining Coastal and Marine Human-ecological Networks in the Baltic Region, Tallinn

• articles in ZIP file (for registered users only)