Baltic Landscape Ecology
Landscape ecology in countries around the Baltic Sea
To be held in September 2019 at the Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia and planned as one of the series of IALE regional conferences. Initiated by Estonia for IALE Europe to promote landscape ecology and knowledge of the regions involved.
It will be held together with the Natura 2000 Biogeographical Process project that focuses on sharing knowledge among stakeholders and governments, and to enhance an effective implementation of Natura 2000 network.
Contributions are invited from all countries that are adjacent to the Baltic Sea or other contributors who have worked in the region —Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Germany.
A framework, with suggested key issues will be followed, although it is be expected that ecosystem services will be a linking topic.
Agricultural landscapes-land with over 50 % of land used by farmers.
Annex 1 habitats linked to Natura 2000: alvars, calcareous grasslands, hay meadows,
Issues-Intensification, loss of linear features, loss of small patches, decline in farmland birds.
Forest Landscapes - land with over 50 % forest
Annex 1 habitats linked to Natura 2000: swamp forests, western taiga, natural pine forest, wood pastures
Issues - over exploitation of timber, change in composition due to climate change, decline in biodiversity lack of traditional tree management.
Wetland landscapes - land with significant areas of lakes and rivers.
Annex 1 habitats linked to Natura 2000: tall herb fringes, fens, muddy riversides
Issues - drainage, eutrophication, loss of natural features, canalization.
Bog Landscapes - land with over 25% bogs.
Annex 1 habitats linked to Natura 2000: raised bogs, bog forests
Issues - drainage, peat cutting, and climate change.
Mosaic landscapes—no dominant land cover
Annex 1 habitats linked to Natura 2000: complexes of s number of habitats
Issues – homogenisation, polarization of land use, loss of linear features and small patches.
Coastal landscapes - within 1 km of the coastline.
Annex 1 habitats linked to Natura 2000: Estonia has many coastal habitats eg Baltic sand dunes, sea cliffs and esker islets
Issues - urbanisation, loss of habitats, sea level change